အခ်ိန္ရွိခိုက္၊ လု႔ံလစိုက္၊ မမိုက္သင့္ေပ၊ ဒို႔တစ္ေတြ။

Monday, November 19, 2012

Buddhism and Logic; A Short Essay

Buddhism and Logic; A Short Essay
Logic, Takka in Pāli, is a way of thinking or explaining something to be proved whether or not true. It refers to both the study of modes of reasoning and the use of valid reasoning. In the former sense, logic or reasoning is primarily studied in the disciplines of philosophy, mathematics etc., but in the latter sense, logic is used in most intellectual activities, including philosophy and science. Therefore logic is a kind of methods which applies in order to get the right knowledge especially for a research project. It is however a possible or acceptable deduction based on strong cause and visible evidence. In other words, it is also called inference. There is, for instance, fire on the mountain, because there we see smoke at the top of the mountain.
According to the Buddhism, logic alone is not recommended to acquire right solution and to decide as truth. Once, the Buddha told the Kālāmas of Kesaputta that not to go by mere logical reasoning, Mātakka hetu. We may perceive wrongly because of our lack of knowledge or something. In this connection, we cannot say exactly there is fire on the mountain just by seeing smoke at the top of the mountain, because there would be fog instead of smoke.
In the modern fields of studies, there are many ways to find out solution and to make reasonable answer such as textual, theoretical, logical and practical. When we are writing a thesis or dissertation paper, we cannot leave behind a problem without giving solution. At least, we have to give logical reasoning to that problem even if there is no further evidence. Therefore logic is a proper method in a research task to give acceptable resolution whether or not right. Because of this reason, logic is widely accepted as a kind of key tools to support a research work. There are some more explanations for logic or logical reasoning as following manners-
There is a well-known statement in Buddhism that Sabbe saṅkhārā aniccā, all are impermanent. Accordingly, human beings, animals and material things are impermanent, because they are covered by under Sabba, all. Logical reasoning is that all animate and inanimate things are included in all. Furthermore, in the discourses there is a simile which is very often used by the Buddha that like skillful butcher and his student who could perform equally. The other similes which carry out the same meaning are occurring in the discourses, for example skilled goldsmith and his assistant, bath-man and his apprentice, potter and his student etc. According to Buddhism, Māna or conceit is in bad sense and one should be abstain from it to become a noble person. However, seeing above mentioned pairs of simile, they would be a suggestion for us to cultivate Māna positively so that we can gain the higher spiritual development. How? Not only Buddha but His disciples could attain the Ultimate goal, Nibbāna, why can’t we afford to be so.
In conclusion, logic is sound method which applies in the fields of various studies to confirm something as truth to give a reasonable solution especially in a research project such as thesis writing, dissertation paper or research paper etc. By using the logic, we may give strong support our research and possible or acceptable answer to it as well. Besides, the logic may put into practice even in our day to day life so that we can handle various problems which we face.
With Mettā,
           Rev. Uttamānanda
            Thursday, November 15, 2012

0 comments:

Post a Comment