အခ်ိန္ရွိခိုက္၊ လု႔ံလစိုက္၊ မမိုက္သင့္ေပ၊ ဒို႔တစ္ေတြ။

Thursday, July 14, 2011

Wazo An Auspicious Month


Wazo An Auspicious Month
          Wazo is a fourth month in Myanmar calendar and it generally goes with July. It is included in the hot season as well as rainy season in Myanmar in which there has three seasons in a year; the hot season, the rainy season and the cold season. There are four months in each respective season. Wazo is not only one of the crucial months in the heart of Myanmar to perform their religious activities but for monks to be retreat.
          There are colourful religious festivals in each and every moth around the year in Myanmar. Wazo festival is held in Wazo-moth, July. Young Buddhists go on picnic into the forest nearby to pluck seasonal flowers which are to be offered to the Pagodas, Buddha Images and monks as Wazo-flowers. And all Buddhists offer especially Wazo-robe, Wazo-candle and so forth in this blissful occasion to the monks, as well.
          Majority people in Myanmar are farmers and they are busy with trying to cultivate various crops including paddy in this season. They however rarely fail to carry out religious activities and to go to the monastery to observe precepts and listen to the Dhamma-talks preached by the monks. All monks keep remaining in a specific monastery from which they would not go far away. If they have emergency cases, they are permitted for seven days only in accordance in the Vinaya-rules. It takes three months or ninety days long. Accordingly this period is called also Buddhist Lenten.
          Traditionally, it is believed in Buddhist people that Wazo is a noble month, for in this month the Bodhisatta, enlighten being, was firmly predicted by the Dīpaṅkarā Buddha that he will become Buddha in the future like Him, was pregnant in his mother’s womb in his final life, was going-forth as recluse and the first teaching of Wheel of Truth, Dhammacakkapavattana-sutta, was expounded by the Buddha to the Pancavagi, a group of five recluses who are His former attendants, soon after He attained Enlightenment. The Buddha had performed Twin Miracles to subdue Titthis, ones who believe wrongly. These all had happened only on the full-moon day of Wazo.
          In the Buddhist history, besides, full-moon day of Wazo was the first day on which Dhamma established as well as the Order of Saṃgha. The Buddha first called to a monk as Ehi bhikkhu, come monk, and the first Ariyā-hood came out in the world after the Buddha. So all Buddhist pay a due respect to Wazo-moth because of that all noble happenings in it aforementioned.
          Here is the Wheel of Truth Discourse in brief and it is the profound teaching in Buddhism. The two extremes must be avoided by a monk who goes forth from home to homeless life. They are Kāmasukhaṃlikanuyoga which means self-indulgence in sensual pleasures and Attakilamathanuyoga which means self-mortification in practices.
          There are Eight-fold Noble Paths called Ariyā atthaṅgikamagga;
(1) Sammādiṭṭhi= Right View
(2) Sammāsaṅkappa= Right Thought
(3) Sammāvācā= Right Speech
(4) Sammākammanta= Right Action
(5) Sammājīva= Right Livelihood
(6) Sammāvāyāma= Right Effort
(7) Sammāsati= Right Mindfulness and
(8) Sammāsamādhi= Right Concentration
The Four Noble Truths, Cattāri Ariyasaccānī, are as follow;
(1) Dukkhasaccā= The Truth of Sufferings
(2) Samudayasaccā= The Truth of the Cause of Sufferings
(3) Nirodhasaccā= The Truth of the Cessation of Sufferings and
(4) Maggasaccā= The Truth of the Ways of Leading to the Cessation of Sufferings
Hence, according to the Discourse on Wheel of Truth, whosever wants to liberate from miseries of round of rebirth, Saṃsāra, has to avoid the Two Extremes, penetrate the Four Noble Truths and follow the Noble Eight-fold Paths or comprehend the Dukkhasaccā, eradicate the Samudayasaccā, penetrate the Nirodhasaccā and follow the Maggasaccā.
May you all be strong mind sound body!
With Mettā,
                Rev. Uttamānanda
   Sunday, July 10, 2011

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